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MSc Energy Syllabus

Core Modules

Sustainable Development

10 Credits

This module introduces and develops understanding of the guiding principles of sustainability, and provides examples of sustainable practice through case studies and practicals.

Syllabus

  • Personal Development Plan
  • Strategy on Sustainable Development
  • Definitions and Undefinable Principles
  • Lifecycle Analysis
  • Three Dimensions of Sustainability
  • The ‘Five Forms of Capital’
  • Guiding Principles of Engineering for Sustainable Development
  • Case Studies - Sustainability in (from):
  • Case Water Management
  • Product Design and Manufacture
  • Airborne Pollution
  • A Sustainable Village
  • Sustainable Buildings
  • Waste Management
  • Land Reclamation
  • The Energy Challenge
  • An Enabling Technology — Pollutant emission, quantification and mitigation
  • Monitoring and measurement of pollutant
  • Emission, dispersion and mitigation of pollutant
  • Relating pollutant measurement to health and environmental effects
  • The Challenge Ahead

Sustainable Energy Studies

10 Credits

This module provides the basic laws relating to a wide range of energy systems commonly used and their application to a number of different complex systems.

Syllabus

  • Current Energy Sources
  • Combustion Processes
  • Basic principles of combustion, chemical reactions, stoichiometry, properties and air requirements.
  • Flames-formulae for flame length. Premixed flames - differences from diffusion flames.
  • Perfectly stirred, wall flow and plug flow reactor concepts applied to flame stabilisation., bluff body stabilisers.
  • Combustion aerodynamics of the more commonly encountered types of industrial burner.
  • The effect of high levels of turbulence and recirculation zones upon the performance of combustion systems.
  • Differences between solid, liquid and gas fired systems.
  • Calculation procedures to determine the final concentration of products produced by combustion reactions.
  • Dissociation effects including the equilibrium constant and calculation of the adiabatic flame temperature.
  • Pollution
  • Ozone depletion, the Greenhouse Effect, photochemical smogs, acid rain.
  • Pollution produced by stationary and reciprocating combustors. Measures to reduce emissions of pollution.
  • Meteorological effects, photochemical smogs and pollutant dispersal from chimneys.
  • Nuclear Power
  • Reactor principles:
  • Gas-cooled (Magnox, AGR) and water-cooled (BWR, PWR) reactors.
  • Nuclear processes: nuclear structure, decay, half-life.
  • Neutron interactions; scattering, absorption, fission, thermal and fast neutrons, moderators. Reactor components.
  • The nuclear fuel cycle: enrichment, fabrication, reprocessing, waste production and disposal.
  • The fast reactor. Biological effects and statutory limits. The fusion reaction; possible routes to fusion power.
  • Renewable Energy Sources
  • Review:
    • Energy demand trends. Depletion of traditional fuels.
    • Short-term options; fission, conservation. Long-term options; coal, fusion, renewables.
    • Geothermal Energy
    • Hydrothermal fields. Sedimentary basins.
    • Hot dry rock systems. Technology and practical problems.
    • Tidal Power
    • Mechanism and structure of tides. Maximum energy recovery from tidal cycle.
    • Practical tidal energy schemes. Environmental effects.
    • Hydro Power
    • History and existing systems. Potential hydropower distribution.
    • Wind Power
    • Actuator disc theory and the Betz equation. Effect of wake rotation. Blade element theory.
    • Rotor types; vertical and horizontal axis machines. Power and drag coefficients; rated power and load factor.
    • Site selection and environmental effects.
    • Wave Power
    • Wave structure and characteristics. Maximum energy recoverable from waves.
    • Wave distribution. Wave power devices and characteristics. Practical problems.
    • Solar Energy
    • Characteristics of solar radiation. Atmospheric effects. Distribution of solar energy.
    • Thermal collectors and characteristics. Solar thermal systems and performance. Photo voltaic mechanism.
    • Cell types and characteristics. Photo biological processes.
    • Energy Policy and Economics
    • Energy demand forecasting. Opportunities for economy in buildings, industry and transport.
    • Instruments for change and disincentives. Economic analysis of energy saving schemes

Energy Management

10 Credits

The module provides an introduction to the management techniques, issues and framework required appreciate the significance of energy related matters with and industrial environment

Syllabus

  • General and detailed energy auditing procedures, audit pentagon, level of responsibilities
  • Climatic conditions
  • Kyoto Protocol and the use of Carbon Based Levies
  • Analysis of energy use, use of cost and consumption based indices
  • Financial considerations
  • Price relationships and economics
  • Risk and sensitivity
  • The role of the Energy Manager
  • Monitoring and targeting techniques
  • Cusum plots
  • Contract Energy Management
  • The use of CHP
  • The effect of Company Structure on the Role of Energy Management
  • Energy Policy

Risk and Hazard Management in the Energy Sector

10 Credits

Level M engineering module concerning Risk and Hazard Assessment, comprising legislation, hazard identification, hazard quantification, quantified risk analyses, methods of elimination/mitigation, with numerous pertinent case studies.

Syllabus

  • Introduction
  • Definitions
  • Chartered Engineering Obligations
  • Safety and Loss Prevention
  • Watershed Incidents
  • Legislation, Law and Insurance
  • Historical Perspective
  • Legal Framework and The Health & Safety Executive
  • EU Directives
  • Economics of Loss Prevention
  • Cost of Losses and Prevention
  • Damage Insurance
  • Hazard Identification & Safety Audit
  • Methods for Hazard Identification : What If?; Fault/Evant tree Analysis; HAZOP; FMEA
  • Audits/Management Systems
  • Hazard Indices
  • Hazard Quantification
  • General Modelling Approaches
  • Empirical Tools; Computational (Numerical) Codes; Phenomenological Models
  • Explosion Hazards
  • Explosion Fundamentals
  • Variety of modelling approaches for different categories of explosions
  • Fire Hazards
  • Variety of modelling approaches for different category of fires : Jet Fire, Pool fire, BLEVE, etc..
  • Dispersion Hazards
  • Heavy Gas Dispersion; Atmopheric Dispersion; Jet Dispersion/entrainment
  • Quantified Risk Analysis (QRA)
  • Approach and practical examples
  • Hazard Elimination/Mitigation
  • General Concepts with practical Engineering examples.
  • General Case Studies

Thermal Analysis

20 Credits

Accurate thermal analysis is as much about setting up and designing the model as it is about the algorithms and techniques used. Therefore this module will concentrate significant time on basic theory and the requirements of the different simulation methods.

Syllabus

  • Major topics will include:
  • EU Directives and UK Part-L to establish the overall context.
  • Heat balance concepts and sources of gains and losses.
  • Thermal analysis methods and their basic assumptions, capabilities and limitations.
  • The thermal representation and zoning of complex buildings.
  • Micro-scale thermal modelling such as through fabric sections or within a double-skin facade.
  • Basic material properties and usage issues such as occupancy, diversity and small power loads.

Fuels and Energy Systems

10 Credits

Contemporary developments in Fuel and Energy Systems

Syllabus

The four case studies may vary from year to year. However, example case studies are given below :

  • Contemporary Gasoline Direct Injection Engine Developments
  • Use of Swirl for Burning of Low Quality Fuels or Waste for Heat and Power or Industrial Process
  • Combustion Characteristics of Biofuel and Bio-mixtures
  • Nuclear Power
  • Clean Coal Systems
  • Enhanced Cooling Technologies for Gas Turbine Blades
  • Waste Heat utilisation
  • Pyrolysis and Gasification Research
  • Fuels and particulates

Alternative Energy Systems

10 Credits

Theory, design and economic appraisal of integrated renewable energy systems for electrical power generation.

Syllabus

  • Review of renewable technologies
  • Wind power
  • Hydro power
  • Solar power
  • Voltaic power
  • Thermo-electric power
  • Fuel Cells
  • Energy conversion
  • Integration of renewable generation into electricity systems
  • Energy Storage Technology
  • Economic appraisal of renewable/conventional technology

Sustainable Energy and Environment Case Study

20 Credits

An individual case study activity to plan a subsequent detailed engineering investigation

Syllabus

  • The technical content of the case studies will vary . Example case study titles are listed below:-
  • Development of an engine test-bed to run gaseous fuels and alternative fuel systems
  • Laser diagnostics for measurement of burning rates of alternative fuels
  • Development of a model for large-scale hazardous release of liquified fuels (e.g. LNG)
  • Modelling tidal turbine hydrodynamic performance
  • Market analysis of a small renewable energy testing service
  • Liquid fuel film thickness measurement
  • Energy to waste
  • Biomass
  • Flooding indicators

Project and Dissertation

60 Credits

To individually undertake a research based investigation into a challenging engineering problem. This will involve the undertaking, analysing, interpreting and reporting the results and drawing suitable conclusions at an advanced level.

Syllabus

The technical content of the dissertations will vary. Example titles are listed below:-

  • Development of an engine test-bed to run gaseous fuels and alternative fuel systems
  • Integration of a Sealed Demonstrator to investigate Global ??
  • Laser diagnostics for measurement of burning rates of alternative fuels
  • Development of a model for large-scale hazardous release of liquified fuels (e.g. LNG)
  • Modelling tidal turbine hydrodynamic performance
  • Market analysis of a small renewable energy testing service
  • Liquid fuel film thickness measurement
  • Energy to waste
  • Biomass
  • Flooding indicators

Optional Modules

Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer 1

10 Credits

The module provides the basic laws and relationships to Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer and their application to a number of different complex processes

Syllabus

THERMODYNAMICS

  • Basic principles of psychrometry, air conditioning, comfort, fanger’s equation
  • Evaporative cooling — cooling towers, principles of industrial dryers
  • Basic principles of liquefaction
  • Liquefaction of gases
  • Multi stage systems
  • Storage and uses of cryogenic fluids

HEAT TRANSFER

  • Introduction to basic definitions and terminology
  • Conduction in solids under steady and unsteady conditions using a range of analytical and graphical solutions and their application to industrial problems
  • Convection heat transfer under forced and free modes of operation using a range of empirical and analytical relations and their application to industrial problems
  • Review of the nature of thermal radiation
  • Terminology specific to the field of radiation
  • Radiation applied and its solution applied to a range of industrial processes
  • Combined modes of heat transfer applied to industrial problems

Condition Monitoring, Systems Modelling and Forecasting

10 credits

This module brings together engineering disciplines specific to condition monitoring and includes such topics as noise analysis, signal processing and identification, condition monitoring methods, expert systems and human factors in engineering.

Syllabus

  • Monitoring and fault diagnosis of plant: the need, maintenance strategies.
  • Condition monitoring methods: electrical, fluid, mechanical sensors, wear debris analysis, vibration of mechanical components, case study
  • Noise analysis: fluid borne, structural borne, air borne noise measurement and analysis.
  • Signal processing: spectrum analysis, time series analysis.
  • Fault identification, plant identification: case study.
  • Expert systems and real time process analysis: microcomputer interfacing, data acquisition, expert system skills.
  • Introduction to knowledge based systems and rule generation: case study.
  • Human Factors in Engineering Systems: case study.

Environmental Hydrodynamics

10 credits

Syllabus

  • Navier-Stokes and continuity equations of fluid motion in 3-D
  • Body forces
  • Turbulence
  • Depth integrated 2-D equations of fluid motion
  • Area integrated 1-D equations of fluid motion
  • Reservoir mechanics, Ekman circulation stratification
  • Water quality of reservoirs, selective withdrawal
  • Fick’s Law
  • Advective-diffusion equation
  • Solutions to advective-diffusion equation (point source, line source and plane source)
  • Longitudinal dispersion; turbulent diffusion
  • Chemical reaction kinetics (zero, first and second order reactions)
  • Water quality indicators (chemical, physical and biological)
  • Application of numerical models to solve aquatic environmental impact assessment studies
  • Origin and properties of sediments
  • Initiation of motion; critical velocity
  • Lift content; critical tractive force; Shields diagram; tractive force theory
  • Bed formations; bed friction; resistance in alluvial channels
  • Erosion equations; dunes and antidunes
  • Modes of transport; bed load transport; suspended load transport

Advanced Power Systems and High Voltage Technology

10 Credits

This module aims to provide an advanced appreciation of power systems and high voltage plant together with a knowledge of current technology and practice.

Syllabus

  • Parameters for 3-phase overhead lines and underground cables; effect of transposition and optimisation
  • Overhead line and cable design.
  • Power system planning and system design.
  • Insulation systems; insulators, bushings, surge arresters, effect of pollution.
  • Modelling and design of high voltage plant.
  • Travelling waves and computation of transient overvoltages on power systems.
  • High voltage insulation co-ordination.
  • Earthing systems design.

Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer 2

10 Credits

The module provides the basic laws and relationships for Heat Transfer and their application to a number of different complex and standard engineering processes.

Syllabus

  • Introduction to conduction, convection and radiation and their impact on engineering design and manufacture.
  • Dimensional parameters used in Heat Transfer analysis and the relationship between heat and mass transfer.
  • Steady and unsteady conduction.
  • The use of analytical and graphical solutions in conduction to solve for standard shapes.
  • Principles of convection heat transfer.
  • Empirical and practical relations for forced and free convection heat transfer for a range of standard conditions.
  • Heat Exchangers and enhancement.
  • Principles of radiation heat transfer.
  • Radiation Properties of the environment
  • Introduction to mass transfer.

Sustainability and Process Management

10 Credits

This module brings together engineering disciplines specific to the environment and includes such topics as component process design, process integration, the use of constructional materials and the design and construction of furnaces.

Syllabus

  • Process material and energy balances.
  • Design of solid-liquid separation processes
  • Sedimentation devices.
  • Hydrocyclones and centrifuges.
  • Filtration equipment.
  • Dryers.
  • Specific processes for preparation of solid fuels.
  • Introduction to -
    • Distillation
    • Dense medium.
    • Jigging.
    • Froth flotation.
    • Heat exchanger design and optimisation, furnace design and construction.
    • Materials Engineering related to construction and material selection.