Extract from South
Africa (1878). Vol. II, Ch. IV
provoked by the new town of Praetoria.
To those who have never seen a city thus struggling
into birth it is difficult to make it intelligible. The old faults
of old towns have been well understood and thoroughly avoided.
The old town began with a simple cluster of houses in close contiguity,
because no more than that was wanted. As the traffic of the day
was small, no provision was made for broad spaces. If a man could
pass a man, or a horse a horse,or at most a cart a cart,no
more was needed. Of sanitary laws nothing was known. Air and water
were taken for granted. Then as people added themselves to people,
as the grocer came to supply the earlier tanner, the butcher the
grocer, the merchant tailor his three forerunners, and as the
schoolmaster added himself to them to teach their children, house
was adjoined to house and lane to lane, till a town built itself
after its own device, and such a London and such a Paris grew
into existence as we who are old have lived to see pulled down
within the period of our own lives. There was no foresight and
a great lack of economy in this old way of city building.