EXPLORE CARDIFF UNIVERSITY
News and Events
A fully-funded PhD scholarship (fees and stipend) has recently become available in the School for international students.Read More
Enrolment information for the 2014–2015 academic yearRead More
Congratulations to all our graduates! Pob lwc! (Good luck!)Read More
Cardiff student? Under 25? Check out this opportunity from the Reardon Smith Nautical Trust and Challenge Wales!Read More
Dr Huw Davies awarded NERC grantRead More
Dr Simon Wakefield, Director of Teaching, gives an overview of the School of Earth and Ocean Sciences at Cardiff University.Read More
News & profiles in the 2014 EARTH newsletterRead More
Hannah Hughes wins 2014 President's Award of the Geolgical Society of LondonRead More
EARTH Graduation 2014!Read More
Prof Julian Pearce awarded 2014 Murchison Medal by the Geological Society of LondonRead More
Dr Hazel Prichard wins Employability Award at Cardiff University's 2014 Enriching Student Life AwardsRead More
Solar forcing, cold winters, and the Little Ice Age
What you should know about climate changeRead More
Interested in a University – industry partnership? Contact Cardiff's Business Gateway!Read More
Cardiff EARTH has a YouTube Channel!Read More
A new study by Cardiff's Dr Paola Moffa-Sanchez and colleagues (including Dr Andres Born, at the University of Bern, in Germany; Prof Ian Hall and Dr Stephen Barker, in Cardiff's School of Earth & Ocean Sciences; and Dr David Thornalley at University College London, formerly of Cardiff) finds that changes in solar activity can have a considerable impact on ocean-atmospheric dynamics in the North Atlantic, with potential effects on regional climate.
The authors examined seafloor sediments to determine how the temperature of the North Atlantic and its localised atmospheric circulation changed over the past 1000 years. Warm surface waters flowing across the North Atlantic, an extension of the Gulf Stream, and warm westerly winds are responsible for the relatively mild climate of Europe, especially in winter. Slight changes in the transport of heat associated with these systems can led to regional climate variability. This study's findings match historic accounts the notoriously severe winters of the sixtheenth and eighteenth centuries, predating global industrialisation.
Predictions suggest a prolonged period of low sun activity over the next few decades, but any associated natural temperature changes will be much smaller than those created by human carbon dioxide emissions.