EXPLORE CARDIFF UNIVERSITY
News and Events
Cardiff EARTH researchers lead team examining links between early human resettlement patterns and rapid climate changeRead More
Cardiff EARTH in the Top 100 Earth & Marine Sciences programmes worldwideRead More
Drs Eli Lazarus & José Constantine's latest work on channel patterns featured in PNAS "First Look" blogRead More
Registration for Polar Marine Diatom Taxonomy and Ecology Workshop open until 12 May
Prof Chris MacLeod published with colleagues in April 2013 Nature GeoscienceRead More
Cardiff EARTH has a YouTube Channel!Read More
Dr Martin Ziegler, Prof Ian Hall, et alia in latest Nature GeoscienceRead More
In an article published yesterday in Nature Communications, EARTH's Dr Martin Ziegler, Ms Margit Simon, Prof Ian Hall, and Dr Stephen Barker, with colleagues from the National History Museum in London and the University of Barcelona, offer evidence that early modern human behaviour and settlement patterns were tightly coupled to climate-driven changes in environmental conditions.
Reconstructing terrestrial climate variability over the last 100,000 years from a marine sediment core taken off the coast of South Africa, the research team compared occurrences of wetter, humid, more favourable climatic conditions with the archaeological record. The correlation they found surprised them.
As Dr Ziegler explained, "We found that South Africa experienced rapid climate transitions toward wetter conditions at times when the Northern Hemisphere experienced extremely cold conditions."
Professor Hall commented, "When the timing of these rapidly occurring wet pulses was compared with the archaeological datasets, we found remarkable coincidences. The occurrence of several major Middle Stone Age industries fell tightly together with the onset of periods with increased rainfall. Similarly, the disappearance of the industries appears to coincide with the transition to drier climatic conditions."
To read more, you can find the Cardiff University press release covering this exciting work here.