# Physics and Astronomy

Mae'r cynnwys hwn ar gael yn Saesneg yn unig.

Learn more about the modules study abroad students can take at the School of Physics and Astronomy.

Module code | PX1121 |
---|---|

Level | L4 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 20 |

To provide a firm foundations for the concepts of classical mechanics and its extension into quantum theory and special relativity.

To emphasise the wide applicability of simple physical ideas to a wide range of situations.

To introduce and illustrate the use of conservation laws in dynamical problems.

To introduce the key concepts underpinning the physical understanding of vibrations and oscillations in mechanical systems.

To give instruction and practice in solving physics problem in a wide range of settings.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 60%
- Written assessment: 40%

Module code | PX1122 |
---|---|

Level | L4 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To provide the basic theoretical techniques required during first-year physics courses.

To introduce post-A-Level students to vectors, matrices, series, functions and graphs, and elementary calculus.

To give students practice in applying mathematical techniques to abstract and physical problems.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 60%
- Written assessment: 40%

Module code | PX1123 |
---|---|

Level | L4 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To develop practical experimental and analytical skills through weekly structured laboratory sessions.

To introduce select concepts of optics, scientific instrumentation and electronics.

To introduce skills relating to the written communication of scientific information.

Through select experiments to reinforce important physics concepts.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX1124 |
---|---|

Level | L4 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To give an overview of the observed structure of stars, galaxies and the Universe.

To give a simple descriptive account of the basic properties of matter, including nuclear and elementary particles.

To introduce students to the application of physical and mathematical laws in formulating theories for the origin and evolution of astronomical structures.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX1125 |
---|---|

Level | L4 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To provide practice at important elementary mathematical techniques.

To strengthen and develop manipulative and analytical techniques learnt at AS and A level.

To apply mathematical skills in the context of physics.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 70%
- Written assessment: 30%

Module code | PX1221 |
---|---|

Level | L4 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 20 |

To introduce the mathematical language of waves to describe wave formation, wave propagation and interference and diffraction.

To examine matter at an atomic level to give insight into crystal bonding and the electrical, thermal and mechanical properties of matter.

To introduce concepts of electrostatics, of magnetic fields associated with currents and of electromagnetic induction to provide a firm foundation for the study of electromagnetism in Year 2.

To provide insight into forced vibration and resonance through examples of AC theory and mechanical analogues.

To give instruction and practice in solving physics problem.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 60%
- Written assessment: 40%

Module code | PX1222 |
---|---|

Level | L4 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To provide the basic theoretical techniques required during first-year physics courses.

To give post-A-Level students a solid grounding in complex numbers, vector calculus, second-order differential equations, matrices and basic probability theory.

To give students practice in applying mathematical techniques to abstract and physical problems.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 60%
- Written assessment: 40%

Module code | PX1223 |
---|---|

Level | L4 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To develop practical experimental and analytical skills through weekly structured laboratory sessions.

To introduce select concepts of optics, scientific instrumentation and electronics.

To introduce skills relating to the written communication of scientific information.

Through select experiments to reinforce important physics concepts.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX1224 |
---|---|

Level | L4 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

- To give instruction on and provide practice in the use of to develop the basic data handling (i.e. graphing and data analysis skills) required by physical scientists
- To give instruction on and provide practice in the use of to develop the basic numerical computing skills required by physical scientists
- To develop proficiency by working through a series of examples which relate to the experimental and taught physics modules.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX1226 |
---|---|

Level | L4 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To provide to students of physics an introduction to human anatomy and physiology.

To give an overview of the construction and function of cells, and the structure and

operation of the musculoskeletal, nervous, cardiovascular, digestive and reproductive systems.

To give a working knowledge of genetics and the basis of inheritance, infection and disease control.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX2131 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 20 |

To provide greater understanding of Maxwell’s equations, how they unify electric and magnetic forces, and how they predict the existence of electromagnetic waves.

To understand the basic physics of fluids.

To demonstrate how electromagnetic fields, fluid flows, diffusion, and similar phenomena in physics can be described using vector calculus.

To learn and practice standard mathematical techniques to solve physical problems.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX2132 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To provide foundations of the description of matter by wave mechanics, in particular through the Schrödinger equation and the interpretation and use of the wave function.

To introduce more formal aspects of wave mechanics.

To use worked examples and model systems to develop understanding of the meaning of wave functions, eigenvalues, eigenfunctions and operators.

To apply quantum mechanics to describing the hydrogen atom.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX2133 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To further develop practical experimental and analytical skills through weekly structured laboratory sessions.

To provide experience of performing (short) open ended “projects” and so provide the necessary skills to undertake extended third or fourth-year practical physics projects.

To further develop skills relating to the written communication of scientific information.

Through select experiments to reinforce important physics concepts.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX2134 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To develop skill in Python - using functions and control flow.

To introduce programming and analytic methods commonly encountered in science.

To provide practice in the use of computing in solving a range of physics problems.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX2135 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To introduce students to the electronics employed in scientific instrumentation.

To provide a progressive approach to the subject starting with the manipulation of analogue signals using filters and amplifiers.

To introduce the concepts of digital-signal processing and the conversion between analogue and digital signals.

To introduce elements of digital communications by taking the example of the Universal Serial Bus (USB).

Through selected case studies to gain knowledge of all the essential components of real scientific instruments.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX2136 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To explain how properties of stars are measured.

To introduce the physical properties of the Sun and its relationship to other stars.

To introduce the basic physical processes involved in determining the observable properties and internal structure of main sequence stars.

To develop techniques for solving simple problems in stellar physics.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX2137 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To initiate a study of electrical phenomena in the human body.

To provide an appreciation of the body’s natural electricity and its monitoring for diagnosis and therapy.

To provide a working knowledge of electrical techniques in medicine.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 50%
- Written assessment: 50%

Module code | PX2231 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 20 |

To provide an understanding of the laws and concepts of thermodynamics and their applications.

To introduce the kinetic theory of gases.

To introduce the quantum mechanics of radiation and develop the theory of black-body radiation.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX2232 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To introduce concepts of “imaging” through a study of geometrical and physical optics.

To study optical system design and evaluation using Fourier techniques.

To apply optical theory to solve a variety of real problems.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX2233 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To further develop practical experimental and analytical skills through weekly structured laboratory sessions.

To provide experience of performing (short) open ended “projects” and so provide the necessary skills to undertake extended third or fourth-year practical physics projects.

To further develop skills relating to the written communication of scientific information.

Through select experiments to reinforce important physics concepts.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX2234 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To explain strategies for, and encourage confidence in, solving unseen problems in physics using approximate or exact analytical methods and computational techniques.

To demonstrate the broad range of applicability of relatively simple fundamental ideas to physical situations.

To nurture written and oral presentation skills and team working in the context of problem solving.

To develop an appreciation of the relations between various strands of physics through the underlying physical theory.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX2235 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To explain strategies for, and encourage confidence in, solving unseen problems in astrophysics using approximate or exact analytical methods and computational techniques.

To demonstrate the broad range of applicability of relatively simple fundamental ideas to astrophysical situations.

To nurture written and oral presentation skills and team working in the context of astrophysical problem solving.

To develop an appreciation of the relations between disparate branches of astrophysics through the underlying physical theory.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX2236 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To establish a basic understanding of the fundamental physics underlying the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of condensed matter.

To provide an understanding of crystal structure and the behaviour of waves in periodic lattices.

To develop an understanding of the behaviour of electrons in the solid state.

To establish detailed understanding of the structural, vibrational and electronic properties of solids.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX2237 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To give an overview of ionising radiation, radioactivity and the interaction of radiation with matter.

To introduce the concept of radiation dose.

To describe the operation and properties of detectors of ionising radiation.

To provide an introduction to the physical basis of the use of ionising radiation for diagnosis in radiology and nuclear medicine.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX2338 |
---|---|

Level | L5 |

Semester | Double Semester |

Credits | 20 |

To introduce the theory and practice of making and interpreting astronomical observations.

To provide a practical introduction to, and in-depth knowledge of, the principles of telescopes, observational astronomy, detector technology and spectroscopy at various wavelengths.

To provide the necessary skills to undertake a third-year or fourth-year practical astronomy project.

To provide an introduction to the principle of detection, including signal-to-noise testing for correlations and fitting curves and datasets.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX3141 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 20 |

To provide the basis for the physical interpretation of quantum mechanics.

To develop an understanding of advanced topics and techniques in quantum mechanics.

To develop skills in applying these techniques to problems in solid state and atomic physics.

To develop a basic understanding of nuclear physics, using quantum mechanical concepts.

To apply this to nuclear stability and nuclear reactions.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3142 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To develop an understanding of some of the more advanced concepts and techniques in condensed matter physics.

To apply this knowledge to solve problems based on the properties of condensed matter systems.

To give an appreciation of the far-reaching implications for condensed matter physics on modern technology.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3143 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To provide an understanding of computational techniques in theoretical physics, including solving matrix eigenvalue problems and partial differential equations.

To apply computational techniques to solve partial differential equations in different areas of physics.

To use numerical simulations in modelling physical processes.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX3144 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To introduce the concepts involved in the detection of electromagnetic radiation across the entire spectrum from radio waves to x-rays.

To describe and explain the physical processes involved in detection and their application in current technology.

To explain the fundamental limits to the sensitivity of radiation detection, and how closely they can be approached in practice.

To note and understand the implications of the fundamental physical and practical limits to the detection process.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3145 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To introduce the basic physics of the interstellar medium and the processes involved in star formation.

To develop an understanding of the evolutionary stages of stars of different masses, with an emphasis on their post-main sequence evolution.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3146 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To introduce the basic concepts underpinning the Big Bang theory of the Universe.

To apply these concepts to the interpretation of cosmological observations.

To develop an awareness of the main issues and controversies in contemporary cosmology.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3147 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To establish a firm understanding of the principles, technologies and applications of digital imaging techniques in medicine.

To give an appreciation of the practical aspects of operating digital imaging systems in the modern health service.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3148 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To introduce basic concepts of physical acoustics, especially that relating to musical acoustics, and the physiology of hearing.

To provide knowledge and experience of practical studio techniques and acoustical measurements.

To introduce the physical characteristics of sounds, especially musical sounds, and those features of importance to the perception of sounds.

To give an introduction to the production, recording and reproduction of musical sounds.

To introduce analogue and digital techniques of sound synthesis.

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 50%
- Written assessment: 50%

Module code | PX3149 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To develop an understanding of the commercialisation process in physics and engineering innovation.

To enhance student employability and enterprise skills in line with the University’s Employability and Enterprise Strategy.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX3150 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Autumn Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To introduce physical concepts relevant to understanding macromolecules

To outline the role of macromolecules in important processes in life and to relate their behaviour to that observed in conventional polymers

### Assessment

- Examination - autumn semester: 70%
- Written assessment: 30%

Module code | PX3241 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 20 |

To introduce the principles and basic concepts of Special Relativity.

To introduce the basic concepts and methods of particle physics.

To outline the Standard Model for particle properties and interactions.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3242 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To establish a framework for understanding of the physics of semiconducting materials.

To develop a basic knowledge of the physics of typical semiconductor devices, as well as some of their practical applications.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3243 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To develop an understanding of the fundamental physics of lasers and non-linear optics.

To provide an awareness of some applications of lasers and the associated physics.

To introduce students to laser device design and performance.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3244 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To explain how the structure of our Galaxy can be determined experimentally.

To compare the properties of our Galaxy with other galaxies.

To introduce the basic physical ideas underlying models of galactic structure.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3245 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To introduce the basic physical processes by which high-energy photons and cosmic rays are produced by astrophysical sources.

To discuss the development and implementation of different methods for detecting high energy particles experimentally.

To apply ideas from relativity to astrophysical sources, especially relativistic beaming.

To expound the unified scheme for Active Galaxies.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3246 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To provide an understanding of the principles and applications of ultrasound in medicine.

To give a working knowledge of the construction and operation of diagnostic ultrasound equipment and ultrasound safety issues.

To give an overview of the particular features of diagnostic ultrasound in the main application areas.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3247 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

Give an overview of the physical properties of ionising and non-ionising radiation and its interaction with matter.

Provide an introduction to the therapeutic applications of ionising and non-ionising radiation in medicine

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3248 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To develop understanding in the use of advanced techniques of mathematical physics.

To develop proficiency in using these techniques.

To apply these methods to physical problems.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3249 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

To provide an understanding of the basics of information theory and its relation to statistical mechanics.

To establish the relation between statistical mechanics and thermodynamics.

To develop the ability to use statistical mechanics to solve and give insight into a wide range of physical problems ranging from condensed matter to astrophysics.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 80%
- Written assessment: 20%

Module code | PX3250 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Spring Semester |

Credits | 10 |

The purpose of this module is to teach students how the atmosphere and the oceans affect our climate and consequently our well being.

To make students aware of the ways in which energy usage can be minimised and how alternative sources of energy can be tapped to minimise the effects on the environment.

### Assessment

- Examination - spring semester: 50%
- Written assessment: 50%

Module code | PX3315 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Double Semester |

Credits | 20 |

To develop investigative skills.

To provide experience of research work in physics and develop the skills needed for planning, organising and executing projects.

To enhance verbal and written communications skills.

To learn to be self motivated and work independently.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX3316 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Double Semester |

Credits | 20 |

To develop investigative skills.

To provide experience of research work in astrophysics and develop the skills needed for planning, organising and executing projects.

To enhance verbal and written communications skills.

To learn to be self motivated and work independently.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%

Module code | PX3318 |
---|---|

Level | L6 |

Semester | Double Semester |

Credits | 20 |

To develop investigative skills.

To provide experience of research work in medical physics and develop the skills needed for planning, organising and executing projects.

To enhance verbal and written communications skills.

To learn to be self motivated and work independently.

### Assessment

- Written assessment: 100%