Violence Research Group
Community violence is a major problem in all societies and has its roots in child development, personality, the environment and culture. Reducing it is a task not just for criminal justice agencies but for health and other public services.
The Violence and Society Research Group was founded in 1991 in what was then the University of Wales College of Medicine, now Cardiff University.
Around 85% of 3,500 victims of violent crime treated each year at the University Hospital of Wales have injuries of the teeth, mouth, jaws and face reflecting the anatomical target for blows in assault nationally and around the world.
In the great tradition of medical and dental schools, the group is led by clinical academics in partnership with scientists: colleagues in the Cardiff University Psychology and Business Schools.
An early finding from which much subsequent work has developed is that a substantial proportion - even a majority of some categories of violent offences - which result in NHS treatment do not appear in police records.
The vitality and international reputation of the group comes from its interdisciplinary research across medicine, public health, dentistry, criminal justice, police, psychology and economics.
Its implementation partner, the WHO Violent Crime Task Group of the Cardiff Community Safety Partnership, provides opportunities for field trials, violence measurement and implementation of evidence-based prevention and interventions to help victims.
- To maintain a high quality multidisciplinary research programme to further understanding of the causes of violence.
- To implement research findings to improve violence prevention, services for the injured, health promotion, social policy in relation to problems of substance abuse, and drug and alcohol treatment programmes.
- To evaluate violence prevention initiatives, particularly those which involve health services in multi-agency partnerships with social services, criminal justice agencies, local government and the voluntary sector.
- To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce the psychological and social impact of violence.