Badran Alznafer is a member of the Saudi Umran Society. He has a professional degree in Architecture from King Faisal University, KFU (B.Arch 1998), and a Masters degree in Architecture from the University of Colorado at Denver, CU-Denver (M.Arch 2003). Badran has worked as a designer on a number of architectural projects that range from a private single family house to public and commercial buildings. Recently, Badran was involved in the design of the expansion of AlMataf, the holy mosque in Makah.
The study aims to investigate ‘quantitatively’ the role of neighbourhood configurations in providing an acceptable environment for outdoor spaces in which thermal comfort is a key factor, and the potential of such configurations for minimizing the energy loads that are consumed for cooling indoor spaces. This research may provide a guideline for those wishing to learn and use climatological principles in settlement planning, as there are a number of shortcomings in microclimate research that have prevented it from becoming an applied science, including a lack of quantitative techniques and relationships. Moreover, the available attempts to assess the human thermal perceptions in outdoor spaces were conducted in a simple urban street canyon with continuous facades, whereas this study attempts to apply a real-world planning such as gridiron patterns in a three-dimensional arrangement, including buildings; heights, street width, and buildings set-backs.