Welsh School of Architecture

Architectural History & Theory (AHTG)

Abed Badran

Abed Badran has a B.Sc in Civil Engineering from Haifa, a Bachelor in Architecture and an M.Sc in Industrial Design both from Cardiff University. His M.Sc project "Soundscape in Architecture: Design Criteria" was awarded the AIQ prize for project of the year (2009). He is a partner in Badran Engineers, Architects & Designers and a co-founder of IDAR (Interdisciplinary Design, Architecture and Research). He also worked on the ALEF project (Alternative Excellence Framework) and teaches in many universities. Abed was awarded with a fellowship at the Palestinian-American Research Centre (2009-2010). His PhD at the Welsh School of Architecture is funded by ORS.

Abed Badran

Abed Badran Fig.1:
Photo 1: Elements of resistance, Ahmad Canaan house, Tamra

Abed Badran Photo 2: Accordance with the Israeli project existence

PhD Abstract:
Space, Tectonics, and the Making of Palestinian Architecture in Israel: Impacts of the Israeli Project

Since the Zionist movement began to transform itself at the end of the 19th century into a state-making project, it has dramatically altered the Palestinian landscape and its architecture. The term "The Israeli project" is associated with Zvi Efrat's [2000] exhibition and research, which investigates the physical making of the State in its first decades. The physical construction of the Israeli state brought massive destruction and confiscation of Palestinian cities, villages, lands, and natural resources. Consequently it affected the traditional dwelling in remaining Palestinian villages and cities and was associated with cultural reinterpretation, negligence, apathy, and 'primitivization' of the Palestinian physical heritage.

Critical review of the recent studies dealing with Palestinian architecture in Israel has revealed that research on contemporary Palestinian architecture has not yet analyzed the relationship between the 'Israeli project' practice, and the revolutionized Palestinian domestic space, the making, the tectonics and its contemporary shaping factors. However, any analysis of the asymmetrical power relationships as manifested in Palestinian architecture and urbanism would be an exploration throughout the 'third space', the 'in-between' [Bhabha, 1994] [Soja, 1996], 'dichotomy' [Said, 1976], 'hybridity' [Bhabha, 1994], and 'resistance' [Bhabha, 1994] [Said, 2003].

The research develops a theoretical approach to understanding the impact of "The Israeli Project" on spatial dynamics and processes in Palestinian architecture, highlighting new tendencies in the contemporary Palestinian dwelling in Israel. The research is conducted in two main phases. In the first phase, carries out a review of theoretical literature relating to traditional Palestinian architecture and "The Israeli Project." In the second phase, compares a number of dwellings from throughout the past century, examining the similarities and differences between those from before and those from after 1948.

Badran's research is significant in that it will offer insight into new elements in traditional and contemporary Palestinian architecture, highlight interfaces between the new elements and the old, and trace the evolution or degeneration of new elements from their traditional antecedents. At the same time, it will examine whether these new architectural elements have resisted or accommodated the existence of "The Israeli Project." [See Fig.1]

Badran's research is also noteworthy in that it will describe and analyze the transformed dwelling space using a theoretical framework based on Alexander's patterned language approach. As a result, a new lexicon on Palestinian architecture may emerge that incorporates the successfully transformed shape typologies from the timeless architectural elements to the contemporary new ones.

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