The Royal Society
Each year the Royal Society awards 44 Fellowships to the best scientists in recognition of their scientific achievements. It is the highest accolade a scientist can have, next to a Nobel Prize.
Individuals must have made a substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science.
Fellows of the Royal Society
Professor Hywel Thomas FRS
Cardiff School of Engineering
Professor Hywel Thomas' research centres on highly complex movements of heat, liquids and gases through the soil.
The models he has built have proved of worldwide importance in understanding thermal and physical conditions underground.
During the course of his academic career, he has produced more than 400 technical papers and reports and has lectured extensively both at home and abroad.
Professor John Aggleton FRS
Cardiff School of Psychology
Professor Aggleton is a neuroscientist who has made major contributions to our knowledge of the neural basis of memory.
He has developed influential theories that have led to fundamental changes in the ways other scientists think about the brain systems supporting how individuals remember the past events in their lives (the episodic and recognition memory systems).
Professor Aggleton's research has revealed the roles of other brain structures to create a far more comprehensive picture of how different types of memory are formed and recalled.
He is currently investigating exactly how the structures he has indentified, in the diencephalon and medial temporal lobe, work together to ensure memory function.
Professor Alun Davies FRSE, FLSW, FMedSci, FRS
Distinguished Research Professor, Cardiff School of Biosciences
Professor Davies' research is focused on the development of nerve cells, which are the fundamental building blocks of the nervous system.
One of the world's foremost developmental neurobiologists, he is best known for his fundamental research on the molecular mechanisms that regulate the survival of nerve cells and the growth and elaboration of their processes. He is responsible for many important discoveries and fundamental concepts in the field.
Professor Davies's active research lab in the Cardiff School of Biosciences involves many post-doctoral fellows and PhD students carrying out research on cellular and molecular aspects of nerve cell development, neurotrophic factor biology and cell signalling. The research team is supported by external funding in excess of £2M.
Professor Ole Holger Petersen CBE, FRS
MRC Professor and Director of Cardiff School of Biosciences
Professor Petersen was elected a Fellow of The Royal Society in 2000 for his major contributions to the understanding of the cell physiology of calcium signalling. He provided the first demonstration of hormone-elicited, messenger-mediated ion channel activation. He discovered the phenomenon whereby calcium entering the cell at one end diffuses to the other end through the endoplasmic reticulum. Finally, he showed that the nuclear envelope provides an additional store from which calcium can be released.
Professor Petersen's career has led to many awards, including the Purkynje Medal from the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, and he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2008 for his services to science. He has more than 300 academic articles to his name, including 14 published in Nature. He has been cited in the scientific literature more than 16,000 times.
He has been Vice-President of the Royal Society from 2005-6 and has been Secretary-General of the International Union of Physiological Sciences. The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, of which he is a Foreign Member, held a symposium in his honour in 2008.
He was presented with The European Pancreatic Club's Lifetime Achievement Award for his outstanding contributions to research on the pancreas at the organisation's 42nd Annual Meeting in Stockholm in June 2010.
In August 2010, Professor Petersen was elected to the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, one of the world's oldest and most important academic societies.
Professor R. John Parkes FRS, FLSW
Head of School of Earth & Ocean Sciences and Distinguished Research Professor
Professor Parkes is an international leader in Geomicrobiology studying microbial processes in sediments: their biodiversity, activity, interactions, controls and environmental impact.
He was the first scientist to comprehensively investigate the microbiology of deep marine sediments. He demonstrated, contrary to previously held views, that they contained large numbers of active microbes. He estimated that an additional 10% of the total living biomass on Earth was present in sub-seafloor sediments.
He also demonstrated that these microbes were well adapted to their deep sediment habitat and not just buried cells dying slowly. He showed that the surface microbes grew very, very, slowly, on "geological" time scales of 1,000's of years, due to limited energy supply.
One of many profound impacts of this research has been on processes such as secondary gas formation, deep disposal (e.g. CO2, nuclear waste), souring of oil reservoirs and its significance for the origin of life and astrobiology.
Professor Peter Wells CBE, FRS
Distinguished Research Professor, Cardiff School of Engineering
Professor Wells is distinguished for his contributions to the application of engineering and physics in medicine.
Specifically, he is the originator and developer of instruments for ultrasonic surgery, ultrasonic power measurement, the two-dimensional articulated-arm ultrasonic general purpose scanner and the water-immersion ultrasonic breast scanner.
He demonstrated ultrasonic pulsed-Doppler range-gating, and was the discoverer of the ultrasonic Doppler signal characteristic of malignant tumour neovascularisation. He investigated ultrasonic bioeffects and formulated ultrasonic safety guidelines and conditions for prudent use of ultrasonic diagnosis.
He has led multidisciplinary studies of ultrasonic diagnosis, as well as making major contributions to the advancement of light transmission, electrical impedance and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, and to interventional telepresence. He proposed a novel philosophy of medical imaging, and is now working on novel ultrasonic imaging techniques.
He is one of only four individuals who are Fellows of the three UK national science academies: the Royal Society, the Royal Academy of Engineering and the Academy of Medical Sciences. He was appointed a CBE in 2009, for services to healthcare science.
Professor Dianne Edwards FRS, FRE
School of Earth and Ocean Sciences
Professor Dianne Edwards is distinguished for her investigations into the nature of the earliest land plant fossils.
By skillful application of scanning electron microscopy, and the painstaking use of such techniques as the preparation of polished surfaces of pyritised plant tissue, Dianne has elucidated the anatomy and morphology of numerous late Silurian and early Devonian plants and thrown new light on the evolutionary events surrounding the first colonization of the land.
In carefully documented field work in Wales, the Welsh Border, Scotland and other parts of the world she has greatly extended our knowledge of early land plant life, and added precision to the evolutionary time scale of the vascular plants which dominate the Earths land flora today.
Together with many collaborators she has demonstrated the earliest known occurrences of vascular tissue, stomata and miospores in situ in fossil plant organs. Above all, Dianne has demonstrated an unexpected diversity in what has previously been regarded as a limited group of structurally simple, undistinguished Palaeozoic plants.
As a former trustee of the National Botanical Gardens of Wales, she has been heavily involved in the foundation and survival of this important scientific and cultural resource.
Graham Hutchings FRS
Professor of Physical Chemistry and Director of the Cardiff Catalysis Institute, School of Chemistry
Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society for his pioneering contributions in the use of gold for catalysis – the process for making chemical reactions go faster.
He was the first to predict and subsequently demonstrate that gold would be a highly effective catalyst for ethyne hydrochlorination, thereby establishing a new field of catalysis.
He has taken a leading role in understanding the mechanisms of important C1 reactions. His early work at ICI made discoveries with oxidation catalysts that are still commercially operated.
He has led use of in situ methods to determine catalyst structure during reactions and using Raman spectroscopy he demonstrated the key importance of amorphous vanadium phosphates in butane oxidation.
He has pioneered enantioselective heterogeneous catalysis using electrostatically immobilised complexes providing a generic approach to the design of stable selective catalysts, and extended this to demonstrate that enantioselective reactions can occur at the gas-solid interface in the absence of solvent, providing facile operability of these complex processes.
Professor John Pearce FRS
School of Psychology
Professor Pearce's outstanding work has contributed to the study of the fundamental mechanisms of animal intelligence.
Distinguished for three original and fundamental contributions to the study of associative learning and conditioning in animals.
He proposed a novel theory of attention, developed a configural theory of discrimination learning; and his studies of spatial learning and navigation have shown that animals rely on local rather than global information to find their way to a goal.
In 2009 Professor Pearce became a recipient of a prestigious Humboldt Research Award. The Award is granted to only 100 academics annually, and recognises a researcher's entire achievements to date.